Zeugma is a fun little device that occurs when a word is used in multiple contexts simultaneously – i.e., to mean two (or sometimes more) things at once as it applies separately to the other words in its purview. Mostly used for humorous brevity, it naturally requires that the word have some homonymous or polysemic properties.
Billy ranfrom the slog and for mayor.
The minstrel playsthe flute almost as well as he does the fool.
I punched the slogwithfury, indignation, and my fist.
Epistrophe is the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of consecutive sentences or clauses (basically the converse of anaphora). Like its counterpart, it is mostly used for emphasis through poetic redundancy.
The slogis the worst, its face is the worst, and its mere existence is the worst.
Stop writing, and you lose. Stop editing, and they lose. Humor the slog, and we all lose.
I’d slay the slogwith pleasure, then dump its remains with pleasure, so I could finally write – with pleasure!
Antimeria is one of my favorite rhetoric devices. It is the application of a word outside of its lexical category – e.g., using an adjective as a noun or a noun as a verb (in this case also autologically called ‘verbing’!). Even with the words repurposed ad hoc, the missing semantics are filled in by context and their meaning is easily understood.
When particular uses become common enough, polysemes are born.
The slog is giving me a case of the sads.
I can’t computer very much with the slog gnawing at my brain.
Thanks to the slog, I feel like I’m stupiding all over the place.
Where a synecdoche is a specific type of metonym, a merism is a specific type of synecdoche in which a phrase refers to something by the name of a few of its components (usually two in contrast). Like other metonyms, their usage most often comprises pre-established terms (such as saying “high and low” or “near and far” to mean “everywhere“), rather than existing in unique cases.
The slog can corrode you, mind and body. [Referring to the ‘whole of a person’ to mean completely]
Don’t let the slog waste your blood, sweat, and tears. [Referring to products of ‘bodily exertion’ to mean hard work]
Being the worst is the slog‘s bread and butter. [Referring to ‘basic needs’ (by way of food) as a function of their acquisition to mean manner of supporting oneself]